"THE RELIGIOUS AND MORAL SYSTEM" in The Just Order will be established and implemented as follows:
An atheist and immoral society can not be fully pleased or live in peace. That society can not stand forever. Today one of the main reasons of many crises and troubles in Turkey and all over the world is neglecting moral institutions and rules.
Let's have a glance at current psychological and moral problems:
1- Today's unlawful and inhuman systems have been built on "conflict and struggle" instead of "peace-making and compromising".
2- For that reason the boundaries of authority and responsibility of moral, political, scientific and economical systems within the general complicated structure of the state have not been determined.
Generally religious institutions are under the control of political and economical authorities.
3- Current systems raise types of people who will only serve for them instead of "qualified and productive citizens"
4- Both administrators of the system have been deprived of sufficient moral and religious discipline and intentionally persons who are deprived of moral values and have been captivated by their own desires are being generated.
5- The idea of atheism and positivism have been imposed.
6- Western civilization and science have prejudice against all of the religions and religious values by using injustice and fallacies of the church as an excuse.
7- Unfortunately some religious functionaries including Muslims are forced to be unaware of scientific developments and even opposed to them.
8- In many countries being a follower of a religion have been excluded, forbidden or isolated from the social life.
9- Places of worship have been evacuated and places of entertainment and brothels have become "prayer rooms of materialism"
10- Unfortunately materialist regimes did not prepare any moral development plans and they tried to prevent accommodation and training services that were provided by the public and they exhibited unbelievable examples of cruelty in this regard.
11- When the state evacuated the area of services which will provide moral development and meet religious needs, this time lots of exploiters of religion came out and each of them invented new religions according to their own benefits and the society was dragged into a complete chaos.
12- Eventually the number of materialists, selfish persons and dodgers has increased, people have fallen apart from each other, family and neighborhood relations have been corrupted and even about to extinct.
13- These unhappy, hopeless, bad-tempered and anxious persons have been addicted to drinking, gambling and prostitution to fill their moral gaps; these bad conditions have become widespread and legitimate even terrible sectors which makes abundant and free income.
14- Consequently, the number of suicides, moral chaos, superstitions and terrible diseases like AIDS have increased and made people's lives unbearable.
The sole solution and scientific recipe of these problems is forming and implementing a fair Religious-Moral Order
A- We can list main principles of this RELIGIOUS-MORAL ORDER as below:
1- Religious-Moral Order will run in accordance with other orders (Scientific, Economic and Political) but not under their control, it will run independently and as much as it has an influence and authority it will also have responsibility.
2- The main goal will be to express good, correct and fine.
3- The method of endearing and convincing instead of forcing will be used.
4- Another important function of it is to make followers of different religions, sects and communities live in peace together and to make mutual understanding widespread.
5- It will try to protect Freedom of Liberty and Conscience and defend the ones who suffer from this issue.
6- As an active factor of the General Order, it will serve as a responsible and authoritative body regarding the issues of inspection, acquittal, expertise, inquiry and protection of general health and morality and providing social security.
7- It will include studies of Religious Education and Teaching and meet the needs of society on this subject.
B- It is planned that Religious and Moral Institutions will achieve these goals:
To cultivate minds who
1- value, respect and belong to justice on every field.
2- have desire to struggle against every kind of cruelty and immorality and are in effort to jihad.
3- are not self-seekers and materialists but spiritual and have moral values
4- avoid immoralities and bad habits like drinking, drugs, gambling and prostitution
5- have enough consistent religious information
6- live in peace and have the real happiness.
C - Social Missions and Functions of these Moral Institutions will be:
1- To provide the connection between individual, society and the state and to strengthen it.
2- To solve the religious problems and troubles of the citizens and to answer their problems.
In The Just Order inspection will be run by religious-moral institutions and they will work independently.
Inspectors work under the authority of ministers or head directors in the current system and naturally they are under the guidance of them. That is, they are not so independent as to act with a clear conscience. And as a result this situation clouds the justice.
4- A certificate of good conduct: In The Just Order moral institutions and various religious groups will be arranged as a moral partnership and these institutions have to give their members guarantee in their commercial, political and social relations like "this member of our institution is confident and trustful" and they have to be authoritative and responsible institutions that will compensate for corruptions and losses caused by their members
Is there an equivalent of this situation in our basic sources?
First, objections such as "Are there any exact examples of that arrangement in our basic sources or historical practices?" are baseless. Because our sources indicate "general and basic rules" of many subjects and institutions and let the type of their practice to the suitable ijtihads appropriate for the changing circumstances and life standards. As it is known, even tariqahs and sects were organized and disciplined afterwards.
These kinds of new suggestions and projects that are constituted as a result of scientific researches and interpretations and emerged as a consequence of conditions and needs can not be objected with words such as:" Is there an equivalent of this in our sources?"... Evidences that allow and point out this practice are questioned... Or evidences that prohibit and forbid by religion are exhibited.
For example; Our sources do not include the term "bank" but include rules that forbid "interest" (the extra money that you pay back when you borrow money or that you receive when you invest money) by religion and regulate taking and paying back. They do not include the term "factory" but there are principles that organize the balance between production and consumption, relationship between employees and employers. As mentioned, there are not any heavy industry, war industry but there are some orders that point out or encourage them.
Since principles of belief and worship in Islam were exactly and perfectly stated and "social obligations" that comprise commerce, politics, art and social life are convenient to be changed and improved, and therefore new ijtihads, new institutions and new rules on these subjects are needed. That situation enables us to make new arrangements that are valid and sufficient in every century.
For that reason scientific, moral, political and social institutions like tariqahs, schools, sects, associations and parties are not mentioned in our sources. But there are basic principles about them are exist.
The procuration and bail institution in The Just Order is a kind of scientific organization and the conditions of who, why and how will be represented and guaranteed already exist in our sources. Implementation of "providing asylum" or "receiving asylum" that can be assumed as an early passport system was carried into practice by Companions of our Prophet following the pre-Islamic age of ignorance and the details were taught by our Prophet himself.
A foreigner coming from abroad, would be granted asylum by a tribal chief who knows him for sure to be able to trade and travel in that region easily. This situation means "we declare that we will protect rights and freedom of that person and guarantee the damages caused by him/her like theft or murder. Therefore, persons who were known dishonest or do not have anybody to grant asylum, were left alone without support and security.
In Islamic legal system, if he does not have enough property to pay the compensation which must be paid for the murder, this loan is paid by the tribe which granted asylum. Hence, each tribe try to raise their members as religious, moral, conscientious persons and not to shelter murderers and criminals.
Today instead of tribes or clans, there are tariqahs, sects or different religious communities. The function to grant asylum and to pay the compensation in the past is done by moral and religious institutions in The Just Order now. And it must be understood that it would be clearly legal.
The saying of our Prophet (pbuh) "One who is consulted should be trustworthy" also points out that, the individuals or institutions that are inquired about certain people should have the responsibility and qualities that enable them to guarantee the reliability of the person asked about.
"A common moral service or sect across the country cannot know about its entire connections or members, so how can it be possible for it to give guarantee about them?". Our answer to this question is that: the representative of a moral centre will be able give any of its members an acquittal and guaranty in the province or district where that member lives. This makes easy it for people who live in the same area and who are the parts of the same moral profession to know each other closely and establish close relationships with each other. Also, this is the way to prevent monopolization and exclusive control that emerges in religious communities from time to time and leads to various exploitations and misuses.
So, each moral institution will have to appoint and serve as many members as they can control, and educate morally. That is, having qualified and skilled members will be important rather than not having a large number of members.
In our century, misuse of powers can be prevented only by adapting auto-control systems developed for that field but not by inspiring moral or advice.
It is true that all of the political, social and economical institutions wear off and degenerate with time. So, it is necessary to make such formations have a new order, discipline and new and sufficient functions.
Repair shops changed into workshops and then they changed into factories in time and these phases and stages brought along and developed new and helpful institutions, rules and concepts.
In a similar way, moral vocational branches that are social and moral institutions need to renew themselves according to the changing needs and conditions
Thus, moral/religious institutions that will provide spiritual and religious services will be officialized and run in a serious manner and have a significant and prominent place in social life. They will naturally have responsibilities in proportion to their authorizations based on the blessing-burden balance.
In this way all moral service institutions will try to bring up and educate well-behaved and trustworthy persons and there will be a competition among people to do goodness and service. Dishonesty and hypocrisy will be cleared of and those who cannot receive a certificate of good behavior will not be trusted in any way.
Every member will always warn and try to protect each other, since damage caused by any member will be compensated by all members of that community
Therefore, the goal of our Prophet's Hadith: "Muslims are like the parts of a body." will be achieved.
The authorities of moral institutions who will be assumed as natural members of parties politically, members of schools scientifically and members of subdistrict, province and state shuras economically with official representatives of trade unions and associations will be much more esteemed and important thanks to this implementation.
In The Just Order, such a balanced system will be established that, nobody will use a position or benefit which he/she does not deserve financially or morally and nobody will be deprived of what he/she deserves. Positions, authorities and even honors and degrees will not be determined by the persons' or institutions' own wishes.
And it should not been forgotten that, things emphasized here are the reconstruction of moral institutions in point of formality and service, having a contemporary situation and standards and coming to the fore by enhancing their authorities and responsibilities and as an important factor placing them in the social life and state structure and thus contributing to social order and discipline as moral police stations.
Otherwise, to intervene in the types of special education, spiritual and ethic guide and service of faith, moral maturity or knowledge is wrong. These subjects are beyond state's authority and bureaucracy.
5 - Attending the services of investigation, expertise (quality control of the goods), protection of the health, providing social security and social solidarity formally and preparing valid and confidential reports for related authorities will also be some of the duties of moral institutions.
D - What Are The Major Organizations of The Just Moral System?
1- Religious Service Organizations
2- Religious Education Organizations
3- Expertise Organizations
4- Investigation Organizations
5- Medical Service Organizations
6- Social Solidarity Organizations
7-Moral Solidarity, Religious Notification, Education and Invitation Organizations
8- Command Goodness and Forbid Evil Organizations
9- Charity Foundations Organizations
E- Organization Features of Religious-Moral System:
1- The principle of separation of powers will remain unchanged, there will be a fourth power; Inspection, in addition to legislation, executive and judiciary and the institutions which will manage the Inspection will run independently.
Religious-Moral Order will not interfere in political, economical or scientific orders and they will not interfere in the religious order, either.
2- Religious groups and organizations will get a share from the general budget as much as their number of members and in return for their services; they will also have their own private budget which is made up of their members' fees.
3- Each tariqah or community will have moderate representatives in sub-districts higher representatives in cities and senior representatives in government and they will be the natural members of the shuras there.
· RELIGIOUS PRINCIPLES OF WORK ETHICS IN THE JUST ORDER
1- Scientific Ethics
a- to listen to everybody with respect and patience.
b- to learn the scholarly and humanistic rules for discussion.
c- to improve the ability to take personal decisions.
d- to exhibit an effort to defend the fair.
2 - Vocational Ethics
a- to keep word and not to cheat anybody
b- not to do anybody injustice and deception
c- to be hardworking and productive
d- to avoid wasting facility, personnel and time
3 - Political Ethics:
a- to obey the rules and law
b- to be obedient to chief officers and authorities.
c- to consent to the court's decisions
4 - Social Ethics
a- the fight for defense, understanding of protecting justice (like JIHAD in Islam)
b- coming together ethics (like PRAYER)
c- living in cooperation ethics (like CHARITY)
d- living a healthy life ethics (like FASTING)
e- travelling and tourism ethics (like HAJJ)
Programs aimed at the goals above will be prepared.
G -Working Principles in Religious-Moral Order will be:1- to be appropriate for the positive science and common sense, that is to be natural.
2- to be easy and practical to implement
3- to be open to natural and historical improvements and changes
4- to be balanced and just
5- to put forward the criteria like good-bad, correct-wrong, beautiful-ugly.
6- to be based on convincing and making happy rather than forcing
· INSPECTION OF RELIGIOUS AND MORAL INSTITUTIONS IN THE JUST ORDERToday, in addition to the authority of legislative power, the house of legislature is also given the authority and the task of "inspection". It is an apparent truth that having both the authority of legislative power and the inspection of the legislation is disadvantageous in point of both division of labor and "conditions of reliability". Besides, it is already known that inspectors who are working as officers under the command of ministers and general directors will not be able to move independently and may not work with a clear conscience.
So, in The Just Order the authority of "legislative power" is separated from "inspection" and therefore, the contradiction that "institutions had been inspecting themselves" is removed. The authority and the task of inspection of disconnected and dependent institutions such as inspectors, accountants, controllers, county constabularies, experts, investigation commissions and state inspection experts in western regimes are handed over to religious-moral institutions in order to do their functions completely, independently and unbiasedly.
It will be better and more efficient if the persons who
a) have adequate religious education
b) have been proved to have moral value and honesty.
c) have the faith for afterlife and are anxious for what they do in this world.
d) decide with a clear conscience since they are not dependent to anywhere regarding their positions or their own benefit are authoritative for performing inspection in inquiries, in facilitating jurisdiction, in controlling the quality of products and in inspecting the institutions that provide health services.
Today, for that reason, most of the hospitals in the west are under the control and the management of the church.